Weak or interrupted urine flow or the need to work hard to empty the bladder. The need to urinate frequently during the night. In its early stages, prostate cancer usually has no symptoms. When symptoms occur, they may be similar to those of an enlarged prostate or BPH.
Prostate cancer can also cause symptoms not related to BPH. If you have urinary problems, talk to your healthcare provider about it. The most common side effects are fatigue (feeling very tired), nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and hair loss. The reason why prostate cancer is more prevalent in African-American men is not clear, but it may be due to socioeconomic, environmental, dietary, or other factors.
Your multidisciplinary team will work with you to develop a personalized plan for treating prostate cancer in a way that fits your individual needs and goals. A common treatment for prostate cancer is hormone therapy, which is used to slow down the production of testosterone, the male hormone. Prostate cancer numbers and deaths vary around the world, but are higher in North America and Northern Europe. Staging describes where the cancer is found within the prostate, how extensive it is, and whether it has spread to other parts of the body.
Because of the prostate's proximity to the urethra and reproductive organs, prostate cancer can cause symptoms that affect urination and sexual activity. Survival rates for men with prostate cancer have increased over the years, thanks to better screening and treatment options. For a prostate biopsy, small pieces of prostate tissue are removed and examined under a microscope. You'll need a thorough evaluation to determine the underlying cause, which may or may not be prostate cancer.
The nerves involved in the erection process surround the prostate gland and may be affected by surgery. If a patient experiences bone pain and swelling in the lower extremities, especially when accompanied by urinary, erectile or ejaculation dysfunction, these could be symptoms of advanced prostate cancer. This mixture of semen and fluid from the prostate and seminal vesicles forms ejaculation that passes through the urethra and out of the penis. Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men after skin cancer, so it's important to understand the basics of the disease, as well as risk factors.
A prostate biopsy is usually done with an ultrasound probe to look at the prostate and guide the biopsy.