Pain in the back, hips, thighs, shoulders, or other bones Swelling or buildup of fluid in the legs or feet. Frequent urge to urinate, especially at night, sometimes urgently Difficulty starting or stopping urination. Or, the cause of a symptom or sign may be another medical condition that is not related to cancer. Prostatitis or benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH), also known as prostate enlargement, are benign and very common diseases that can cause similar symptoms.
The prostate is a small organ located below the urinary bladder and in front of the rectum (part of the large intestine).
Prostatecancer is the most common cancer in men after skin cancer, so it's important to understand the basics of the disease, as well as risk factors. Because of the prostate's proximity to the urethra and reproductive organs, prostate cancer can cause symptoms that affect urination and sexual activity. Survival rates for men with prostate cancer have increased over the years due to increased screening and treatment options.
The urethra (the tube that supplies the body's semen and urine) runs through half of the prostate. Even benign (non-cancerous) prostate conditions, such as an enlarged prostate, require timely medical attention, so don't delay seeking treatment. Prostate cancer has a high overall survival rate, but its chances depend on the stage of the cancer. And, like most other malignancies, prostate cancer is usually more easily treated when detected at an early stage.
Because of the prostate gland's proximity to the bladder and urethra, prostate cancer can be accompanied by a variety of urinary symptoms, especially in the early stages of prostate cancer. However, there are important, early symptoms of prostate cancer that can be detected, and this can make a big difference in your treatment and recovery. Other non-cancerous prostate conditions, such as BPH or an enlarged prostate, can cause similar symptoms. The prognosis for prostate cancer, like any other type of cancer, depends on how advanced the cancer is, depending on established stage designations.
If the cancer has spread beyond the prostate gland, men may experience swelling in the lower body, back, hip or bone pain, abnormal bowel or urinary habits, or unexplained weight loss.