An enlarged prostate is a common condition in men over the age of 40, but the exact cause is still unknown. Age-related factors and changes in testicular cells may be involved, as well as a shift in the balance of sex hormones. Research has also suggested that too much Dihydrotestosterone (DHT) may be responsible for prostate cell growth. Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is the medical term for an enlarged prostate, and it occurs when cells in the prostate gland start to multiply.
This can cause the prostate to swell, squeezing the urethra and limiting urine flow.Men may not need treatment for mild prostate enlargement unless their symptoms are bothersome and affect their quality of life. Early treatment can help minimize the effects of BPH, and men should be aware of lower urinary tract symptoms and identify an enlarged prostate. For long-term treatment, a urologist may recommend removing enlarged prostate tissue or making cuts in the prostate to widen the urethra. Minimally invasive procedures can also destroy enlarged prostate tissue or widen the urethra, which can help relieve urinary obstruction and retention caused by BPH.It's important to understand the possible causes and risk factors that may increase the chance of developing an enlarged prostate.
A healthcare provider can use a test to see if the prostate is enlarged or tender or if it has any abnormalities that require further testing. Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) is a common procedure used when the prostate is very enlarged, complications occur, or the bladder needs to be repaired.