The cause of prostate enlargement is still unknown, but it is believed to be linked to hormonal changes that occur as a man ages. The balance of hormones in the body shifts as a man gets older, and this can lead to an increase in prostate size. It is not fully understood what causes the prostate to enlarge, but it could be due to alterations in the levels of sex hormones that come with age. The exact cause of prostate enlargement is still a mystery.
Age-related factors and changes in testicular cells may be involved in the growth of the gland, as well as in testosterone levels. Men who have had their testicles removed at an early age (for example, due to testicular cancer) do not suffer from BPH. For many men, prostate growth is a natural part of aging, just like wrinkles.It is also possible that DHT, a male hormone that helps the prostate to grow, plays a role in prostate enlargement. Older men tend to have higher levels of DHT.
Additionally, too much DHT may be responsible for the growth of prostate cells. The prostate surrounds part of the urethra, which is the tube that carries urine and semen out of the penis.When you have BPH, your prostate is larger than normal, which squeezes your urethra. This can lead to weak urine flow and frequent trips to the bathroom during the night. It may also cause other bothersome urinary symptoms.
An enlarged prostate does not necessarily mean that you will experience more or worse symptoms.In fact, some men with very large prostates have few or no problems. Your doctor will first talk with you about your personal and family medical history and you can complete a survey to answer questions about your symptoms and how they affect you on a daily basis. How your doctor handles your case depends on your age, health status, prostate size, and how BPH affects you.If the symptoms are not too severe, you can postpone treatment and see how it goes. To help relieve symptoms of an enlarged prostate, limit your fluid intake before bedtime or before going out.
Antibiotics may be prescribed to treat chronic prostatitis (inflammation of the prostate), which can occur with BPH.The severity of symptoms in people with an enlarged prostate varies, but they usually get worse over time. Other tests can check urine flow and the amount of urine left in the bladder after removal, as well as look for signs of an infection or prostate cancer. The Rezūm system is designed to reduce symptoms and obstructions caused by BPH and reduce prostate tissue.In some cases, traditional open surgery or a robotic procedure may be recommended to remove the prostate. There are several effective treatments for prostate enlargement, including medications, minimally invasive therapies, and surgery.
During this procedure, a doctor puts on a glove and gently inserts a finger into the rectum to check the size and shape of the prostate. An enlarged prostate is usually not serious but it can have a serious impact on your lifestyle if you are constantly going to the bathroom. It is a natural part of aging but at some point it can lead to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). The recommended surgical procedure usually depends on the severity of symptoms and on the size and shape of the prostate gland.
Transurethral prostate incision (TUIP) involves making small cuts in the prostate to reduce pressure on the urethra. The tube that carries urine from the bladder to the penis (urethra) passes through the center of the prostate.