Benign (non-cancerous) condition: A benign (non-cancerous) condition in which an overgrowth of prostate tissue puts pressure on the urethra and bladder, blocking urine flow. Also called benign prostatic hyperplasia and BPH. Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), also called prostate gland enlargement, is a common condition as men age. An enlarged prostate can cause uncomfortable urinary symptoms, such as blocking the flow of urine out of the bladder.
It can also cause problems with the bladder, urinary tract, or kidneys. Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a condition that affects almost all men by the age of 80. BPH causes prostate cells to proliferate in epithelial and stromal cells, causing prostate enlargement and may cause lower urinary tract symptoms due to bladder outlet obstruction. An enlarged prostate occurs when the prostate gland becomes larger than normal.
It's also called benign prostatic hyperplasia, or BPH for short. And hyperplasia means excessive cell growth. BPH is not cancer and does not increase the risk of prostate cancer. As the prostate gland hypertrophies, urine flow is obstructed by the enlargement of the median lobe of the gland that impinges on the internal urethral lumen.