Prostate hypertrophy, also known as benign prostatic enlargement (BPE), is a common condition in men over the age of 50. It is caused by an increase in the size of the prostate gland, which can lead to a range of symptoms. The two main symptoms of prostate hypertrophy are increased frequency of nighttime urination (nocturia) and difficulty urinating. Nocturia is a condition in which a person wakes up multiple times during the night to urinate.
This can be caused by an enlarged prostate, which can press on the bladder and cause it to fill up more quickly. Difficulty urinating is another common symptom of prostate hypertrophy. An enlarged prostate can narrow the urethra, making it difficult for urine to pass through. This can cause a weak or slow urine stream, difficulty starting to urinate, or a feeling that the bladder has not been completely emptied.In addition to these two main symptoms, men with prostate hypertrophy may also experience other urinary symptoms such as urgency, incontinence, and dribbling after urination.
They may also experience pain or discomfort in the lower abdomen or pelvic area. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, it is important to see your doctor for an evaluation. Your doctor will likely perform a digital rectal exam and order a PSA blood test to check for prostate cancer. If your doctor suspects that you have an enlarged prostate, they may recommend further testing such as a transurethral resection of the prostate (TUIP) or a prostate biopsy.
Treatment for prostate hypertrophy depends on the severity of your symptoms and how much they are affecting your quality of life. For mild symptoms, lifestyle changes such as reducing caffeine intake and avoiding alcohol before bedtime may help reduce nighttime urination. Medications such as alpha-blockers and 5-alpha reductase inhibitors can also help reduce urinary symptoms. For more severe cases, surgery may be recommended to remove part of the enlarged prostate.Prostate hypertrophy is a common condition in men over the age of 50 and can cause a range of urinary symptoms.
The two main symptoms are increased frequency of nighttime urination (nocturia) and difficulty urinating. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, it is important to see your doctor for an evaluation so that they can recommend the best treatment for you.