Prostatitis is a prostate gland disorder usually associated with inflammation. Prostatitis often causes pain or difficulty urinating, as well as pain in the groin, pelvic area, or genitals. Bacterial infections cause some, but not all, cases of prostatitis. Pain or stiffness in the areas surrounding the prostate may indicate an infection or worse.
The pain is usually localized in the areas around the penis and scrotum, with acute pain or pressure on the perineum (the space between the scrotum and the anus). Some prostate conditions, such as prostate cancer, can cause pain or stiffness in the lower back, hips, pelvis, or upper thighs. The symptoms of common prostate conditions, such as prostatitis, may also resemble other medical conditions or problems. An enlarged or inflamed prostate can exert pressure and irritate the bladder, causing the bladder wall to become thicker and irritated.
An enlarged or inflamed prostate pushes or squeezes the urethra, causing a narrowing of the duct or, in some cases, creating blockages. An inflamed or infected prostate can cause painful sensations in the bladder and urethra during urination and ejaculation. The prostate is located just below the bladder in men and surrounds the top of the tube that drains urine from the bladder (urethra). The presence of blood usually indicates an infection or injury to the prostate, urinary system, or reproductive system, although it may indicate cancer, so you should contact a doctor immediately.
Researchers are investigating whether chronic inflammation of the prostate is a risk factor for cancer. If you have prostatitis, your doctor can help you find ways to control your symptoms and pain. The main function of the prostate is to produce the fluid that nourishes and transports sperm (seminal fluid). Annoying prostate conditions and potentially life-threatening prostate conditions share many of the same signs and symptoms.